Oracle/PLSQL: To_Date Function

In Oracle/PLSQL, the to_date function converts a string to a date.

The syntax for the to_date function is:

to_date( string1, [ format_mask ], [ nls_language ] )

string1 is the string that will be converted to a date.

format_mask is optional. This is the format that will be used to convert string1 to a date.

nls_language is optional. This is the nls language used to convert string1 to a date.

 

The following is a list of options for the format_mask parameter. These parameters can be used in many combinations.

Parameter

Explanation

YEAR Year, spelled out
YYYY 4-digit year
YYY
YY
Y
Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of year.
IYY
IY
I
Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of ISO year.
IYYY 4-digit year based on the ISO standard
RRRR Accepts a 2-digit year and returns a 4-digit year.
A value between 0-49 will return a 20xx year.
A value between 50-99 will return a 19xx year.
Q Quarter of year (1, 2, 3, 4; JAN-MAR = 1).
MM Month (01-12; JAN = 01).
MON Abbreviated name of month.
MONTH Name of month, padded with blanks to length of 9 characters.
RM Roman numeral month (I-XII; JAN = I).
WW Week of year (1-53) where week 1 starts on the first day of the   year and continues to the seventh day of the year.
W Week of month (1-5) where week 1 starts on the first day of the   month and ends on the seventh.
IW Week of year (1-52 or 1-53) based on the ISO standard.
D Day of week (1-7).
DAY Name of day.
DD Day of month (1-31).
DDD Day of year (1-366).
DY Abbreviated name of day.
J Julian day; the number of days since January 1, 4712 BC.
HH Hour of day (1-12).
HH12 Hour of day (1-12).
HH24 Hour of day (0-23).
MI Minute (0-59).
SS Second (0-59).
SSSSS Seconds past midnight (0-86399).
FF Fractional seconds. Use a value from 1 to 9 after FF to indicate   the number of digits in the fractional seconds. For example, ‘FF4’.
AM, A.M., PM, or P.M. Meridian indicator
AD or A.D AD indicator
BC or B.C. BC indicator
TZD Daylight savings information. For example, ‘PST’
TZH Time zone hour.
TZM Time zone minute.
TZR Time zone region.

Applies To:

Oracle 8i, Oracle 9i, Oracle 10g, Oracle 11g

For example:

to_date(‘2003/07/09’, ‘yyyy/mm/dd’)

would return a date value of July 9, 2003.

to_date(‘070903’, ‘MMDDYY’)

would return a date value of July 9, 2003.

to_date(‘20020315’, ‘yyyymmdd’)

would return a date value of Mar 15, 2002.

Kaynak: http://www.techonthenet.com/oracle/functions/to_date.php

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